Register Micro Finance (Credit) Company

118,000/- (inclusive of all taxes & fees)

Important Points

  • - Micro finance in 25 to 30 days with License.
  • - Micro finance registration via section 8 Company.
  • - RBI Approval not required.
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By paying Rs. 4,000

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Micro Finance Company

Know what is Micro finance Company and how it is registered.

What is a Micro Finance Company?

A Micro finance Company which is also commonly known as Micro credit organization deals in small loan which is less than Rs.50,000 to various household, small businesses who do not have access to formal banking channels or eligibility for loans.

How to register micro finance Company in India?

There are two option by which micro finance can be registered in India one is through NBFC and another through Section 8 company. NBFC require 5 crore capital but section 8 does not require any minimum capital. Here is the process:

# Prepare DSC and file Name Approval: The first step is to prepare DSC and DIN. This takes sometime one to two days. Thereafter, you need to file for name approval. The name should be unique and should end with words like foundation, sanstha etc.

# File for License: After getting name approved, the next step is to prepare all the documents and then apply for license to do Micro finance business in consonance with prescribed RBI guidelines.

# File for Incorporation: After getting the license, we need to file for incorporation and once company is incorporated, you can start the micro finance business in India. However, please remember that you cannot take any deposit under section 8.

Documents Required for Micro Finance Company Registration

For Directors/Shareholders

  • Copy of PAN Card
  • Aadhar Card
  • Address Proof (Bank Statement, Mobile Bill, Telephone Bill)
  • Passport Size Photo

For Registered Office

  • Ownership Proof (Electricity bill etc)
  • Utility Bill (Gas bill, Electricity bill)
  • NOC(Download format)

Micro Finance Company Registration Process

Micro finance company registration process requires you to comply with the RBI guidelines which are prescribed for NBFC companies. But you don’t require minimum capital of Rs.5 crore, RBI registration and provisioning requirements.

# Step 1 - Prepare DSC. DIN & Name approval: The first step is to file for DSC, DIN and name approval. The name should be unique under which one word reflect your brand. Further, maximum 6 names can be filed at one time.

# Step 2 - Apply for License: The second and the most important part is to get license from the government to do the social work in India. This is done through e-form no.12 with proper application and attachments.

# Step 3 -File for incorporation: The third step is to file the incorporation along with all necessary documents.The form is attached with all the important attachments like MOA, AOA, declarations etc.

Time & Cost for Micro Finance Company Registration

The Total Cost Breakup

Items Qty Price
Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) 2 1,998
Director Identification Number (DIN) 2 1,000
Name Approval 1 1,000
RD Approval Fees - 2,000
MOA, AOA and Incorporation Fee - 6,000
PAN and Tan Application - 180
Professional Fee (Inclusive of Taxes) - 14,822
Total Cost to Register Micro Finance Company in India 27,000

Note: Stamp duty Extra for States: Punjab, Kerala and Madhya Pradesh.

Time for Micro finance Registration

It takes around 25 to 30 day to register a micro finance business if all documents are submitted on time.

Interest rates on Loans by Micro Finance Companies (NGO)

Interest Rates on loans

There are basically three types of charges that can be levied by the Micro Finance Company (MFI)

  • # The interest Charge: The average interest rate should not exceed 26%.
  • # The Processing charge: The processing charge should not be more than 1% of the gross loan amount.
  • # The insurance premium: Only the actual cost of insurance for group, life, health etc to be charged and no extra is allowed as per RBI policy.

Calculation of rate of Interest for Micro Finance

The interest rates charged by Micro Finance Companies shall be lower of following:

  • - Cost of funds plus 12% margin or
  • - Average base rate multiplied by 2.75.

The average base rate was 9.35% as per press release on 1st April, 2017.

Mandatory Requirements for Micro Finance Company

There are basically two ways to register Micro Finance Institution (MFI). One way is to form a company and then apply to RBI for approval. The minimum requirements for Micro finance company is 5 crore net owned fund and strong profiles of promoters. The second way is to register a section 8 company (earlier section 25 company) & apply for central government licenses features of which are as follows:

  • Maximum Rs.50,000 can be given for business purpose and Rs.125,000 for residential dwelling.
  • No minimum net owned fund requirement. You an decide on your own
  • No RBI approval is required since RBI has exempted this company from registration and some other conditions.

Acceptance of Deposits under Micro Finance Company

Deposits are not allowed to be accepted under section 8 company. Further, the company has to invest their own funds and start your micro finance business. Further, company may also raise funding by way of donations.

Even if you are planning to register a NBFC company and willing to invest Rs.5 Cr into the business, then also deposits are not allowed to be taken. As per the RBI procedure, first you need to register a NBFC non deposit taking company and thereafter apply for deposit taking status from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

Therefore, it advised if you planning to register your own NBFC, first start with section 8 company, test your skills and then move forward.

Micro credit Loans under Micro Finance Company

Loans under micro finance companies are not very complex. Mostly unsecured loans are provided and against monthly repayments or weekly repayments. Interest are charged mostly in the range of 20 to 26%. Further following points are also important which are as follows:

  • NBFC can charge differential rate of interest to its customers but variance should not be more than 4%.
  • The interest on loan to be charged on reducing balance method.
  • Micro finance companies to display in all the offices or literature, the effective rate of interest.
  • Companies should issue a loan card to each member stating interest rate, all other terms & conditions.
  • Loans are also given in a self help groups (SHG) and other link programs.
  • If no repayment is received within 90 days, then the same shall be treated as non performing asset, however provisioning norms are not applicable to section 8 company.

Mandatory Compliances for Micro Finance Company

There are many compliances which are to complied by the Micro Finance Company, however the most important compliances are as follows:

RBI Compliance

Company is required to comply with RBI norms even if it is not required to register with the reserve bank.

Company Act

Section 8 company also needs to comply with the Companies Act in similar terms as any other company.


There are other laws as well which are to be taken care off like PMLA etc.

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What all a Micro Finance Company can do?

A Micro Finance can do

Unsecured loan upto Rs.50000 for business purpose & Rs.125000 for residential dwelling.

Can open branches as there is no specific restriction,however advised to open in limited numbers.

Can charge processing fee upto 1% of the loan amount.

Can charge Interest upto 26% as per calculation as stated above.

A Micro Finance cannot do

Cannot take profit from the company directly, but can take in the form of salary, official expenses etc.

Should not indulge into any other business, as RBI only exempt it for micro finance.

Cannot take deposits from general public.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Micro Finance Company

Advantages of Micro Finance Company

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No minimum capital of 5 Cr

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No RBI approval

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Easiest way to start finance business

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Can charge upto 26% rate of interest.

Disadvantages of Micro finance Company

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Cannot accept deposits

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Need to follow RBI guidelines

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Cannot take profits from company

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No gold loan type schemes

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Register Micro Finance Company in India